The Titanic was going to be an unsinkable ship, one that would change the way people looked at international travel.
Many of the passengers of the Titanic were leaving their old lives behind them to start new lives in a distant land.
This ship was going to be the start of a new luxurious way of living for people around the world, but instead, it served as the dreadful reminder that anything can happen.
The sinking of the “unsinkable” Titanic led to the deaths of hundreds of crewmates and passengers, destroying families and dreams.
How Cold Was The Water When The Titanic Sank?
The waters surrounding the RMS Titanic were only 27℉ when it sank, causing the deaths of approximately 1,500 people.
Near where the Titanic was sinking, the SS Californian was also traveling through the icy waters.
Captain Stanley Lord was able to give the temperature to the proper authorities because they were tracking the temperature of the water.
Although the SS Californian was somewhat nearby, it was still too far away to help the Titanic.
The closest ship to the Titanic at the time of the disaster was one of its sister ships, the RMS Carpathia.
Sadly, it was 58 miles away and took four hours to arrive at the crash site.
The remaining officers that led the lifeboats were ordered to take the survivors 200 feet away to keep them far enough away to avoid any potential explosion or electrocution.
However, they had to stay close enough to the site if they wanted any chance of being rescued.
There were only 20 lifeboats available on the Titanic, even enough the ship would have needed at least 48 lifeboats to fit all of its passengers in case of emergency.
However, people put too much faith in the ship’s claim to be “unsinkable.”
A few people managed to survive the icy depths without lifeboats.
The most incredible case of this was when the Titanic’s chief baker managed to survive long enough to be pulled onto a boat.
When Charles John Joughin discovered that the ship was sinking, he decided to have himself one final drink.
Although this would have normally accelerated the hypothermia process, Joughin found that he was able to stay calm enough to focus on swimming as he used a lifejacket.
In the end, only about 700 people made it out of the sudden disaster alive.
What Was The Leading Cause Of Death Among The Titanic’s Passengers?
When investigators reported to families about the deaths of their loved ones, they simply told them that the cause of death was drowning.
Upon decades of research into what happened in the early hours of April 15th in 1912, investigators have found that those who were not rescued most likely died of hypothermia.
Although the original investigators recorded the 1,489 deaths from the Titanic as drowning incidents, hypothermia would have gotten to them faster than they would have run out of energy to swim.
There’s no doubt that some of the deaths were from drowning because one can’t assume that every person on that ship even knew how to swim.
The Titanic was equipped with 3,560 lifebelts, which would have been more than enough for the remaining passengers and crewmates.
This would have also reduced the risk of them drowning immediately, but also made it easier to recover the bodies of those who died.
When the RMS Carpathia came to rescue everyone in lifeboats, they quickly left any remaining people from the Titanic for dead.
The authorities on the ship simply assumed that everyone else was dead, but that may not have been the case.
Many modern doctors believe that there could have been more survivors if the crewmates would have grabbed the people from the water and had doctors perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rewarm their bodies.
Doctors have learned not to pronounce a hypothermic patient as dead until they return to normal core temperatures and are not responding to cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
There’s a chance that many of the people the rescue team didn’t bother to pull out of the water were actually still alive and had a chance of survival.
This was a rescue mission like the world had never seen before and came with intense stress.
Who Was The Captain Of The Titanic When It Sank?
Captain Edward Smith was the captain of the Titanic and had been sailing since he was only 12 years old in 1867.
By 1875, Captain Smith had worked his way to the top position in his commercial shipping company.
In 1880, the captain decided to make the switch from commercial sailing to passenger sailings by joining White Star Line as a junior officer.
Only seven years later, Captain Smith was commanding his first ship called the Baltic.
Smith was so popular among wealthy travelers that he earned the title of “The Millionaire’s Captain,” which was the exact image that the White Star Line wanted for their newest ship, the RMS Titanic.
The White Star Line wanted to give Captain Edward Smith one final sail before he was set to retire and chose him to be the captain for the maiden voyage of the Titanic.
He knew that this would be his last voyage, but the captain thought that he would be returning home to his family afterward.
Although there were rumors that Captain Smith was going too fast due to pressure from one of his White Star Line bosses, the British Inquiry found these rumors to be false.
Smith was a notoriously stubborn captain who would have never risked his ship or track record for a company.
Captain Smith didn’t have a perfect track record, but none of his previous mishaps on the sea had ever tarnished his reputation as a captain.
Just a year before commanding the Titanic, Smith had been the captain of the RMS Olympic when it crashed into a British cruiser and caused extensive damage.
True to what he had learned over his lifetime, Captain Smith went down with his ship and his body was never recovered.
Where Did The Titanic Sink?
The Titanic hit an iceberg that was located about 400 nautical miles south of Newfoundland, Canada.
This area was infamous for being a minefield for icebergs, but the “unsinkable” Titanic was built for such conditions.
During the night of the crash, the waters were abnormally still, and the crewman in the Titanic’s crow’s nest had lost his binoculars.
Without water breaking at the base of the ship, it was incredibly difficult to spot low-risen icebergs that were close to the ship.
When the man in the crow’s nest was finally able to see the iceberg, he reported it immediately to the bridge.
In an attempt to make a quick turn around the iceberg, First Officer William Murdoch ordered the crew to do a turning maneuver called “hard-a-starboard” and to reverse the Titanic’s engine.
However, the call was made too late and the Titanic’s starboard side scraped against the iceberg, causing major damage.
The Titanic would have been much better off hitting the iceberg dead-on because it would have limited the amount of damage to one particular area.
Instead, the iceberg tore through five of the watertight compartments and began weighing the boat down heavily.
As more of the forward compartments began filling with water, the bow of the Titanic began to sink deeper into the ocean.
Murdoch’s plan to reverse the engines made the difficult turn even slower than it would have if it would have just continued at its normal speed.
Slowing down the boat only leads to speeding up the sinking process.
When the Titanic was found in the 1980s, the bow was still in such good condition that researchers were able to identify it immediately.
The stern was nearly unrecognizable and seemed to have taken the majority of the damage.
The Titanic was filled with tales of close calls and situations not being handled properly.
What Time Did The Titanic Sink?
The Titanic officially sank at 2:20 am on April 15th of 1912.
Although some people will say that the Titanic sank on the night of April 14th, it was already well past midnight by the time the ship was swallowed by the icy depths of the North Atlantic Ocean.
The Titanic had first left the docks of Southampton, England on April 10th.
By that evening, the luxury ship was picking up passengers from Cherbourg, France.
The ship made one final stop in Queenstown, Ireland to pick up passengers and was off on its journey to New York by 1:30 pm on April 11th.
By the time the Titanic had picked up all of its expected guests, there were approximately 2,200 people on the ship.
Throughout the evening of April 11th, the wireless radio operators had been getting iceberg warnings from other ships and they transferred most of the warnings to the bridge.
However, neither of the wireless radio operators was meant for nautical calls, but rather to direct passenger calls.
Because Captain Edward Smith knew about the icebergs, he had the ship head south and maintained a speed of 22 knots.
By 9:40 pm, the wireless radio operators had been given warning about an ice field in the area.
The operators were sick of hearing all the ice warnings and began to stop reporting them to the bridge.
By 10:55 pm, the SS Californian had called to the Titanic knowing that it had stopped its movement because it was surrounded by ice.
Instead of reporting this to the bridge, one of the operators scolded the Californian crew member for interrupting his guest service.
Less than an hour later at 11:40 pm, the Titanic crew had spotted the fatal iceberg and hit it moments later.
When Was The Titanic Wreckage Found?
The Titanic wreckage was found on September 1st of 1985 by French oceanographer Jean-Louis Michel and United States Navy officer Robert D. Ballard.
Although the search for the ship started immediately after it sank, the technological limitations of the 1910s made it impossible to search the Atlantic Ocean properly.
Ballard, who was an oceanographer, had first begun looking for the Titanic in 1977 when he led a team from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts.
However, he wouldn’t find any success until 1985.
When Ballard and Michel went out to search for the Titanic in 1985, the United States Navy gave them an unmanned submarine named Argo to test.
Without having to worry about providing proper oxygen or water pressure, Argo could go deeper than ever before.
The submarine began by traveling just above the ocean floor, taking plenty of photos.
During the morning of September 1st, Argo had found the first recognizable piece of the Titanic.
The first piece found was a massive boiler lying 13,000 feet below sea level.
On September 2nd, the research team was able to find the body of the massive ship.
This is when they discovered that the Titanic had been torn into two massive chunks, with small bits of debris being scattered within two square miles of the rest of the ship.
Despite all the time that it had spent under the water, the interior and exterior had been better preserved than the researchers were expecting.
Since its original discovery, there have been countless manned and unmanned expeditions of the Titanic.
After discovering the Titanic, Ballard went on to search for other high-profile sinkings.
The research that has been conducted since finding the wreckage has allowed us to have a clearer picture of what happened on that tragic night.
Did The Titanic Explode?
No, the Titanic did not explode when it hit the iceberg.
Although many surviving passengers reported hearing an explosion, there was no evidence of an explosion when the Titanic was rediscovered.
Most people who believed that the Titanic exploded were quick to believe that it was the boilers exploding, but the boilers were perfectly intact when Robert D. Ballard and Jean-Louis Michel found the Titanic.
There was one crew member named Frank Osman who believed that the cold ocean water hitting the warm boilers caused them to combust.
Another theory was that the boilers exploded from not being able to release steam properly, but the safety valves had been released by the brave firemen who put out fires that spread around the area.
By the time the firemen had put out the fires, the water in the ship had gotten up to their knees.
When the safety valves were released, they created a massive sound that made it impossible for people on the top deck to hear each other.
Survivor Lawrence Beesley would describe in his book, The Loss of the Titanic, that the sound that everyone was hearing was more likely the sound of machinery failing.
He claimed that the sound was actually a combination of the ship groaning and a rattling sound.
The noise went on for 15 to 20 seconds and sounded like someone was throwing the heaviest furniture they could find down multiple flights of stairs.
Beesley’s belief of what occurred on that night was proven as fact when the wreckage was researched following the initial discovery in 1985.
Over the years, many survivor testimonies have been both proven and disproven.
Modern technology has allowed us to discover the answers to the mysteries of the past.
Why Haven’t We Gotten The Titanic Out Of The Water?
The reason that we haven’t taken the Titanic out of its watery gravesite is that the ship would be destroyed if we tried.
By keeping it in the water, we are able to maintain it and the value it has by staying in one piece.
Due to the extreme degree of rusting that has occurred over the 110 years it has spent in the ocean, the Titanic wouldn’t survive the retrieval process.
The intense layers of rust would also make it impossible to reconstruct if we were even able to get above the watery depths.
It would also be incredibly expensive to remove the Titanic safely from 13,000 feet below sea level.
The Titanic serves as an invaluable piece of both nautical and modern human history, but it also serves as a reminder not to let pride override common sense.
What makes the Titanic so invaluable is the completely unique scientific environment it provides to study the effects of water pressure and the preservation of man-made structures.
However, scientists believe that the Titanic will soon become unrecognizable due to all the rust that is forming all over the remains of the “unsinkable” ship.
A variety of topics are researched at the Titanic site, including marine archeology and microbial research.
The last time the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration conducted a search of the Titanic in 2004, they found that the boat was actually growing icicle-shaped rust growths that they called rusticles.
The most recent search of the Titanic was conducted in 2019 by Caladan Oceanic and its CEO Victor Vescovo.
During this most recent search, Vescovo and his team discovered that the ship was deteriorating rapidly.
There are entire parts of the ship that have been photographed in previous expeditions that have completely disappeared, such as the “captain’s bathtub.”
How Long Will The Titanic Last?
Researchers are only giving the Titanic a maximum of 30 years before the entire ship disintegrates from all the rust and water pressure.
However, they also expect the rust to get increasingly worse and the Titanic may last even less time.